A qualitative synthesis is a narrative, textual approach to summarizing, analyzing, and assessing the body of evidence included in your review. It is a necessary part of all systematic reviews, even those with a focus on quantitative data.
Use the qualitative synthesis to:
Different methods for qualitative evidence synthesis include:
Meta-ethnography entails reviewing and translating ethnographic interpretations of social explanations of observations made by ethnographers. It encapsulates Spicer's use of emic/etic observations and analysis, respectively, and synthesizes those interpretations for readers interested in that particular topic or finding. (Noblit & Hare, 2011).
Qualitative Content Analysis
Source: Hong, Q. N., Pluye, P., Bujold, M., & Wassef, M. (2017). Convergent and sequential synthesis designs: implications for conducting and reporting systematic reviews of qualitative and quantitative evidence. Systematic Reviews, 6(1), 61. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-017-0454-2
Examples of Different Types of Evidence Syntheses
Hoang, N.-P. T., & Kirby, J. N. (2020). A Meta-ethnography Synthesis of Joint Care Practices between Parents and Grandparents from Asian Cultural Backgrounds: Benefits and Challenges. Journal of Child & Family Studies, 29(3), 605–619. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10826-019-01553-y
Brookfield, S., Fitzgerald, L., Selvey, L., & Maher, L. (2019). Turning points, identity, and social capital: A meta-ethnography of methamphetamine recovery. International Journal of Drug Policy, 67, 79–90. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2019.02.002
Parekh, R., Praetorius, R. T., & Nordberg, A. (2018). Carers’ Experiences in Families Impacted by Huntington’s Disease: A Qualitative Interpretive Meta-Synthesis. British Journal of Social Work, 48(3), 675–692. https://doi.org/10.1093/bjsw/bcw173
Duke, T. S. (2011). Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth with disabilities: a meta-synthesis. Journal of LGBT Youth, 8(1), 1–52. https://doi.org/10.1080/19361653.2011.519181
Rees, C. E., Lee, S. L., Huang, E., Denniston, C., Edouard, V., Pope, K., Sutton, K., Waller, S., Ward, B., & Palermo, C. (2020). Supervision training in healthcare: a realist synthesis. Advances in Health Sciences Education, 25(3), 523–561. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10459-019-09937-x
Wiese, A., Kilty, C., & Bennett, D. (2018). Supervised workplace learning in postgraduate training: a realist synthesis. Medical Education, 52(9), 951–969. https://doi.org/10.1111/medu.13655
Killackey, T., Peter, E., MacIver, J., & Mohammed, S. (2019). Advance care Planning in Heart Failure: A Narrative synthesis of the Perspectives of Patients, Family Members, and Healthcare Providers. Canadian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 29(3), 16–25.
Carton, A. M., Cordwell, J., & Steinhardt, K. (2020). A framework synthesis reviewing the impact of neonatal care unit admission on early caregiver–infant relationships. Journal of Advanced Nursing (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.), 76(12), 3258–3272. https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.14538
MUKATTASH, T. L., JARAB, A. S., MUKATTASH, I., NUSAIR, M. B., ABU FARHA, R., BISHARAT, M., & BASHETI, I. A. (2020). Pharmacists’ perception of their role during COVID-19: a qualitative content analysis of posts on Facebook pharmacy groups in Jordan. Pharmacy Practice (1886-3655), 18(3), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.18549/PharmPract.2020.3.1900
Lewis, G. M., Neville, C., & Ashkanasy, N. M. (2017). Emotional intelligence and affective events in nurse education: A narrative review. Nurse education today, 53, 34–40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2017.04.001